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Front Immunol. 2017 Aug 7;8:946. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2017.00946. eCollection 2017.

The Role of Conformational Dynamics in Antigen Trimming by Intracellular Aminopeptidases.

Author information

1
Centre for Biological Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.
2
National Centre for Scientific Research "Demokritos", Athens, Greece.

Abstract

Antigenic peptides presented by the major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) molecules for recognition by cytotoxic T-lymphocytes are processed by members of the oxytocinase sub-family of M1 aminopeptidases ERAP1, ERAP2, and IRAP. These three homologous zinc metallopeptidases trim N-terminally extended precursor antigenic peptides down to the correct length for loading onto the MHC-I but can also destroy some antigenic peptides by over-trimming, therefore, influencing the antigenic peptide repertoire and immunodominance hierarchy. Polymorphic variation has been found to affect their trimming function and predispose to human disease in complex and poorly understood patterns. Structural and biochemical analysis have pointed toward a complicated trimming mechanism that involves a major conformational transition during each catalytic cycle. Here, we provide an overview of current knowledge on the structure and mechanism of action of those enzymes with a focus on the proposed key role of conformational dynamics in their function.

KEYWORDS:

ERAP1; ERAP2; IRAP; X-ray structural analysis; antigenic peptide trimming; conformational dynamics; molecular dynamics simulations

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