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Exp Mol Med. 2017 Aug 18;49(8):e368. doi: 10.1038/emm.2017.116.

NAMPT enzyme activity regulates catabolic gene expression in gingival fibroblasts during periodontitis.

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Department of Pharmacology and Dental Therapeutics, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.
Research Center for Biomineralization Disorders, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.
School of Life Sciences, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.


Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent chronic disorders worldwide. It is accompanied by inflammation of the gingiva and destruction of periodontal tissues, leading to alveolar bone loss. Here, we focused on the role of adipokines, which are locally expressed by periodontal tissues, in the regulation of catabolic gene expression leading to periodontal inflammation. The expression of the nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) adipokine was dramatically increased in inflamed human and mouse gingival tissues. NAMPT expression was also increased in lipopolysaccharide- and proinflammatory cytokine-stimulated primary cultured human gingival fibroblasts (GF). Adenovirus-mediated NAMPT (Ad-Nampt) overexpression upregulated the expression and activity of COX-2, MMP1 and MMP3 in human GF. The upregulation of IL-1β- or Ad-Nampt-induced catabolic factors was significantly abrogated by the intracellular NAMPT (iNAMPT) inhibitor, FK866 or by the sirtuin (SIRT) inhibitor, nicotinamide (NIC). Recombinant NAMPT protein or extracellular NAMPT (eNAMPT) inhibition using a blocking antibody did not alter NAMPT target gene expression levels. Moreover, intragingival Ad-Nampt injection mediated periodontitis-like phenotypes including alveolar bone loss in mice. SIRT2, a part of the SIRT family, was positively associated with NAMPT actions in human GF. Furthermore, in vivo inhibition of the NAMPT-NAD+-SIRT axis by NIC injection in mice ameliorated the periodontal inflammation and alveolar bone erosion caused by intragingival injection of Ad-Nampt. Our findings indicate that NAMPT is highly upregulated in human GF, while its enzymatic activity acts as a crucial mediator of periodontal inflammation and alveolar bone destruction via regulation of COX-2, MMP1, and MMP3 levels.

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