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Glob Chang Biol. 2018 Jan;24(1):e365-e377. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13870. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

Contrasting physiological responses to future ocean acidification among Arctic copepod populations.

Author information

1
Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway.
2
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Fiskebäckskil, Sweden.
3
Département de Biologie, Chimie et Géographie, Université du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski, QC, Canada.
4
University Centre in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway.
5
Department of Marine Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Strömstad, Sweden.
6
University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
7
Department of Bioscience, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark.
8
Danish Technical University, DTU-AQUA, Charlottenlund, Denmark.
9
Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
10
Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Bergen, Norway.
11
State Key Laboratory for Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

Widespread ocean acidification (OA) is modifying the chemistry of the global ocean, and the Arctic is recognized as the region where the changes will progress at the fastest rate. Moreover, Arctic species show lower capacity for cellular homeostasis and acid-base regulation rendering them particularly vulnerable to OA. In the present study, we found physiological differences in OA response across geographically separated populations of the keystone Arctic copepod Calanus glacialis. In copepodites stage CIV, measured reaction norms of ingestion rate and metabolic rate showed severe reductions in ingestion and increased metabolic expenses in two populations from Svalbard (Kongsfjord and Billefjord) whereas no effects were observed in a population from the Disko Bay, West Greenland. At pHT 7.87, which has been predicted for the Svalbard west coast by year 2100, these changes resulted in reductions in scope for growth of 19% in the Kongsfjord and a staggering 50% in the Billefjord. Interestingly, these effects were not observed in stage CV copepodites from any of the three locations. It seems that CVs may be more tolerant to OA perhaps due to a general physiological reorganization to meet low intracellular pH during hibernation. Needless to say, the observed changes in the CIV stage will have serious implications for the C. glacialis population health status and growth around Svalbard. However, OA tolerant populations such as the one in the Disko Bay could help to alleviate severe effects in C. glacialis as a species.

KEYWORDS:

Arctic; ingestion rate; metabolic rate; ocean acidification; pCO2; pH; reaction norm; zooplankton

PMID:
28816385
DOI:
10.1111/gcb.13870
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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