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Dig Dis Sci. 2017 Nov;62(11):3077-3083. doi: 10.1007/s10620-017-4701-0. Epub 2017 Aug 16.

Covered Esophageal Stenting Is Effective for Symptomatic Gastric Lumen Narrowing and Related Complications Following Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA. maburajab@mcw.edu.
2
Division of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
3
Department of Surgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining popularity in treating morbid obesity. Prior studies showed a 3.5% risk of gastric sleeve stenosis (GSS). There is no consensus on how to treat these patients, and the role of endoscopic therapy has been addressed in only a few studies. We aim to assess the efficacy and safety of endoscopic stenting in the management of GSS following LSG.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Retrospective data were reviewed from July 2009 to November 2013. Patients were referred for endoscopic therapy for symptoms or imaging findings suggestive of gastric leak or narrowing following LSG. Endoscopic therapy included the use of fully covered self-expanding esophageal metal stents (FCSEMS) in addition to over-the-scope clip system (OTSC) when necessary.

RESULTS:

All 27 patients were females with mean age of 40 years; six patients were excluded from the study. Major symptom was nausea and vomiting in 57% of the patients. Five of 21 patients had concomitant leaks. All 21 patients underwent FCSEMS placement, and four out of five patients (80%) with concomitant leak had OTSC. The success rate in both groups for resolution of stricture and leak was 100%, and no surgical intervention was required. There were no immediate or delayed complications of endoscopic therapy. Median follow-up of 6 months was available for 20/21 patients. Among patients with gastric leak, 80% had resolution of their symptoms compared with 93% of patients with GSS.

CONCLUSIONS:

Endoscopic therapy for LSG-related GSS or leaks with FCSEMS is highly effective and safe.

KEYWORDS:

Esophageal stent; Gastric fistula; Gastric narrowing or luminal narrowing; Sleeve gastrectomy

PMID:
28815402
DOI:
10.1007/s10620-017-4701-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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