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J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2017 Jul-Sep;18(3):1470320317717883. doi: 10.1177/1470320317717883.

LY3045697: Results from two randomized clinical trials of a novel inhibitor of aldosterone synthase.

Author information

1
1 Chorus, Eli Lilly and Company, USA.
2
2 Pharpoint, USA.
3
3 Eli Lilly and Company, USA.
4
4 Division of Endocrinology, Skagit Regional Health, USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

LY3045697 is a potent and selective aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) inhibitor that was developed as a safer alternative to mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists. Effects of LY3045697 on aldosterone and cortisol synthesis, as well as potassium ion homeostasis, were evaluated in two clinical studies in healthy subjects.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Two incomplete, placebo-controlled crossover-design clinical studies examined safety, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacokinetics under single and repeated dose conditions in healthy subjects. Pharmacodynamics was assessed following oral potassium challenge and intravenous adrenocorticotropic hormone procedures with spironolactone 25 mg/d as an active comparator.

RESULTS:

A total of 51 subjects participated in the two studies, which included 38 males and 13 females (of non-childbearing potential), from 18-65 years old. LY3045697 caused rapid dose and concentration-dependent unstimulated plasma aldosterone concentration reduction seen as early as 4 h after the first dose at dose levels as low as 1 mg, and reaching near complete suppression at high doses. The potency (IC50) decreased significantly upon multiple dosing. After eight days of dosing, post-adrenocorticotropic hormone challenge plasma aldosterone concentration increase was dose-dependently blunted by LY3045697 with high potency with a dose as low as 0.1 mg resulting in substantial effect, and with an overall IC50 of 0.38 ng/ml. Minor reductions in cortisol were observed only at the top dose of 300 mg. LY3045697 is generally safe and tolerated, and exhibits linear pharmacokinetics.

CONCLUSIONS:

LY3045697 is a potent and highly selective aldosterone synthase inhibitor with selectivity for CYP11B2, offering a substantial potential advantage over previous aldosterone synthase inhibitors evaluated in the clinic.

KEYWORDS:

Aldosterone synthase inhibitor; LY3045697; aldosterone; chronic kidney disease; cortisol; mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists; potassium regulation

PMID:
28814143
PMCID:
PMC5843917
DOI:
10.1177/1470320317717883
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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