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Cell Rep. 2017 Aug 15;20(7):1641-1653. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2017.07.049.

CD44 Interacts with HIF-2α to Modulate the Hypoxic Phenotype of Perinecrotic and Perivascular Glioma Cells.

Author information

1
Division of Translational Cancer Research, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Scheelevägen 2, Medicon Village 404:C3, 223 63 Lund, Sweden.
2
Biotech Research and Innovation Centre, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 2200, Denmark.
3
Division of Translational Cancer Research, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Scheelevägen 2, Medicon Village 404:C3, 223 63 Lund, Sweden. Electronic address: alexander.pietras@med.lu.se.

Abstract

Hypoxia-inducible factors enhance glioma stemness, and glioma stem cells have an amplified hypoxic response despite residing within a perivascular niche. Still, little is known about differential HIF regulation in stem versus bulk glioma cells. We show that the intracellular domain of stem cell marker CD44 (CD44ICD) is released at hypoxia, binds HIF-2α (but not HIF-1α), enhances HIF target gene activation, and is required for hypoxia-induced stemness in glioma. In a glioma mouse model, CD44 was restricted to hypoxic and perivascular tumor regions, and in human glioma, a hypoxia signature correlated with CD44. The CD44ICD was sufficient to induce hypoxic signaling at perivascular oxygen tensions, and blocking CD44 cleavage decreased HIF-2α stabilization in CD44-expressing cells. Our data indicate that the stem cell marker CD44 modulates the hypoxic response of glioma cells and that the pseudo-hypoxic phenotype of stem-like glioma cells is achieved by stabilization of HIF-2α through interaction with CD44, independently of oxygen.

KEYWORDS:

CD44; HIF-1α; HIF-2α; glioma; hypoxia; hypoxic niche; perivascular niche; stem cell niche; stemness

PMID:
28813675
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2017.07.049
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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