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Clin Nucl Med. 2017 Oct;42(10):735-740. doi: 10.1097/RLU.0000000000001804.

18F-DCFBC Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen-Targeted PET/CT Imaging in Localized Prostate Cancer: Correlation With Multiparametric MRI and Histopathology.

Author information

1
From the *Molecular Imaging Program, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda; †Clinical Research Directorate/Clinical Monitoring Research Program, Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc, Frederick, MD; ‡Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, Department of Medical Area, University of Udine, Udine, Italy; §Office of the Clinical Director/Center for Cancer Research/National Cancer Institute, Bethesda; ∥Applied/Developmental Research Directorate, Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc., Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Frederick; ¶Office of the Pharmaceutical Quality, FDA/CDER, Silver Spring; **Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore; ††Laboratory of Pathology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda; ‡‡Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis, National Cancer Institute, Rockville; §§Center for Interventional Oncology, National Cancer Institute and Clinical Center, and Radiology Imaging Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda; and ∥∥Urologic Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the ability of (N-[N-[(S)-1,3-dicarboxypropyl]carbamoyl]-4-F-fluorobenzyl-L-cysteine) (F-DCFBC), a prostate-specific membrane antigen-targeted PET agent, to detect localized prostate cancer lesions in correlation with multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) and histopathology.

METHODS:

This Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996-compliant, prospective, institutional review board-approved study included 13 evaluable patients with localized prostate cancer (median age, 62.8 years [range, 51-74 years]; median prostate-specific antigen, 37.5 ng/dL [range, 3.26-216 ng/dL]). Patients underwent mpMRI and F-DCFBC PET/CT within a 3 months' window. Lesions seen on mpMRI were biopsied under transrectal ultrasound/MRI fusion-guided biopsy, or a radical prostatectomy was performed. F-DCFBC PET/CT and mpMRI were evaluated blinded and separately for tumor detection on a lesion basis. For PET image analysis, MRI and F-DCFBC PET images were fused by using software registration; imaging findings were correlated with histology, and uptake of F-DCFBC in tumors was compared with uptake in benign prostatic hyperplasia nodules and normal peripheral zone tissue using the 80% threshold SUVmax.

RESULTS:

A total of 25 tumor foci (mean size, 1.8 cm; median size, 1.5 cm; range, 0.6-4.7 cm) were histopathologically identified in 13 patients. Sensitivity rates of F-DCFBC PET/CT and mpMRI were 36% and 96%, respectively, for all tumors. For index lesions, the largest tumor with highest Gleason score, sensitivity rates of F-DCFBC PET/CT and mpMRI were 61.5% and 92%, respectively. The average SUVmax for primary prostate cancer was higher (5.8 ± 4.4) than that of benign prostatic hyperplasia nodules (2.1 ± 0.3) or that of normal prostate tissue (2.1 ± 0.4) at 1 hour postinjection (P = 0.0033).

CONCLUSIONS:

The majority of index prostate cancers are detected with F-DCFBC PET/CT, and this may be a prognostic indicator based on uptake and staging. However, for detecting prostate cancer with high sensitivity, it is important to combine prostate-specific membrane antigen PET/CT with mpMRI.

PMID:
28806263
PMCID:
PMC5703072
DOI:
10.1097/RLU.0000000000001804
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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