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Ren Fail. 2017 Nov;39(1):607-612. doi: 10.1080/0886022X.2017.1361834.

Low employment and low willingness of being reemployed in Chinese working-age maintained hemodialysis patients.

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a Department of Nursing , Huashan Hospital Fudan University , Shanghai , China.
b Department of Nursing , Pudong Hospital, Fudan University , Shanghai , China.
c Department of Nursing , Shanghai Fifth Hospital, Fudan University , Shanghai , China.
d Department of Nursing , The 455th Hospital of PLA , Shanghai , China.
e Department of Cardiology , Huashan Hospital Fudan University , Shanghai , China.
f Department of Nephrology , Huashan Hospital Fudan University , Shanghai , China.



Returning to society plays an important role in improving the quality of life in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, and retention of employment is one of the core enablers. The study is to assess the employment status and to determine the variables for unemployment in Chinese MHD patients.


Prevalent MHD patients from four dialysis centers in Shanghai China were enrolled. We assessed patients' employment status, current social functioning, hemodialysis modality, annual income and general health condition. Among current unemployed working-age patients, the reasons of quitting jobs and willingness of being reemployed were evaluated.


A total of 231 patients were studied, among which 114 patients were unemployed 1 year before hemodialysis. Among 117 employed patients, 16 patients quitted jobs before dialysis inception, while 49 patients quitted jobs at the initiation of HD, and 26 patients followed after a few months' HD. The main reasons for ceasing employment were physical insufficiency, conflict between dialysis and work schedules, lack of support from employers and resistance from family members. Among the 166 patients who were in their working age, 26 patients were employed. The unemployed patients had the characters of elder age, lower education level, higher annual family income, higher female ratio, lower blood flow, lower physical functioning, and social functioning and lower frequency of weekend hemodialysis and HDF/HF. Among the 140 unemployed patients, only 47 patients had the willingness of being reemployed. Their unemployment status was positively associated with elder age ((OR) 3.13, 95% CI, 1.08-9.1), lower education level ((OR) 1.97, 95% CI, 1.05-5.92), and higher family income ((OR) 7.75, 95% CI, 2.49-24.14).


Ratio of employment and willingness of being reemployed was low in MHD working-age patients. Lack of social and family's support also hampered patient's returning to society except for the HD treatment quality.


Employment; hemodialysis; social support

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