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Mar Pollut Bull. 2017 Dec 15;125(1-2):103-114. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.07.029. Epub 2017 Aug 9.

Hypoxia off the Changjiang (Yangtze River) estuary and in the adjacent East China Sea: Quantitative approaches to estimating the tidal impact and nutrient regeneration.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address: zyzhu@sklec.ecnu.edu.cn.
2
State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.
3
Key Laboratory of Marine Chemistry Theory and Technology Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong, China.
4
State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou, China.

Abstract

Large areas of hypoxia have been reported off The Changjiang Estuary and in the East China Sea. Five cruises, covering winter, spring, and summer, were carried out from 2007 to 2013 in this region, and in August 2013 (summer), an extensive hypoxic event (11,150km2) was observed, which was characterized by an estimated bulk oxygen depletion of 5.1 million tons. A strong tidal impact was observed associated with the bottom oxygen depletion, with the periodicity of diel variations in dissolved oxygen being 12h (i.e., similar to the tidal cycle). A conservative estimate of nutrient regeneration suggested that during the hypoxic event of August 2013, the amount of regenerated nitrogen (as nitrate) and phosphorus (as dissolved inorganic phosphorus) was 27,000-30,000 tons and 1300-41,000tons, respectively. Estimates of the absolute (bulk) regenerated nutrient fluxes were much greater than the conservative estimates.

PMID:
28802659
DOI:
10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.07.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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