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J Pediatr Nurs. 2017 Nov - Dec;37:e16-e22. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2017.08.020. Epub 2017 Aug 9.

Gender Differences in Sexual Behaviors in Korean Adolescents.

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Department of Nursing, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, Republic of Korea.
East-West Nursing Research Institute, College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:



The purposes of this study were to identify whether there are gender differences in sexual behaviors among Korean adolescents and to explore the factors that influence safe sex practices across both sexes.


A secondary analysis was conducted using nationally representative data obtained from the 2014 Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. Sample consisted of 3,210 adolescents who had experience of sexual intercourse. The dependent variable in this study was practicing safe sex. The independent variables included a range of individual, family, and school factors.


Female adolescents were less likely to practice safe sex (i.e., always using a condom). Individual (smoking, no drinking before sexual intercourse), family (living with parents, higher allowance per week) and school factors (non-coeducational school students, had received school-based sex education) were significant predictors of practicing safe sex in males. In contrast, family (lower economic status) and school factors (middle school students) predicted practicing safe sex among female adolescents.


We demonstrated that gender plays an important role in the sexual behavior of adolescents. The findings of this study indicate a need to design and implement gender-specific interventions.


Adolescents; Contraception; Gender differences; Korea; Sexual behavior

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