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Burns. 2018 Feb;44(1):108-117. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2017.06.001. Epub 2017 Aug 8.

Hypnosis for reduction of background pain and pain anxiety in men with burns: A blinded, randomised, placebo-controlled study.

Author information

1
Patient Safety Research Centre, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
2
Faculty of Nursing, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran. Electronic address: fardin.ajodani@yahoo.com.
4
Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
5
Department of Biostatistics, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

'Background pain' and 'pain anxiety' are among the numerous problems of patients with burns. Non-pharmacological and pharmacological interventions have been used to reduce background pain and pain anxiety. This study compared the effectiveness of hypnosis and 'neutral hypnosis' (as a placebo in the control group) in decreasing the background burn pain and pain anxiety of adult male survivors with burns.

DESIGN:

This is a blinded, randomised, placebo-controlled study.

METHODS:

Sixty men with burns were included in the minimisation method (30 individuals in the intervention group and 30 individuals in the control group). Four hypnotherapy sessions were performed every other day for each participant in the intervention group. Four neutral hypnosis sessions were performed every other day in the control group. Burn pain and pain anxiety of the patients in both groups were measured at the end of the second and fourth sessions. Repeated measures ANOVA was used for data analysis.

RESULTS:

There was no significant difference between the groups in the reduction in background pain intensity. There was a significant reduction in background pain quality and pain anxiety in the intervention group during the four hypnosis sessions. After two hypnotherapy sessions, a significant reduction was observed in the level of background pain quality and pain anxiety of participants.

CONCLUSION:

Hypnosis is effective in reducing background pain quality and pain anxiety of men with burns.

KEYWORDS:

Background pain; Burn; Hypnosis; Pain anxiety

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