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Toxicol Lett. 2017 Oct 5;280:20-28. doi: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2017.08.004. Epub 2017 Aug 9.

Cadmium exposure in newborn rats ovary induces developmental disorders of primordial follicles and the differential expression of SCF/c-kit gene.

Author information

1
Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Environment factors and Cancer, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Fujian Medical University, Xueyuan Road No.1, Minhou County, Fuzhou 350108 China. Electronic address: wenchang2008@126.com.
2
Fujian Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No.76 Jintai Road, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350001, China.
3
Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Environment factors and Cancer, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Fujian Medical University, Xueyuan Road No.1, Minhou County, Fuzhou 350108 China.
4
Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University, No.29 Xinquan Road, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350001, China. Electronic address: huanghuiling08@126.com.

Abstract

Since the 1990s, the rising problem that gonad reproductive toxicity on adult female after exposing to cadmium (Cd), an environmental endocrine disruptor, has attracted high attention at home and abroad,and was systematically studied. Our research focuses on a further problem is that early cadmium exposure (during birth to before puberty) impact on development and function of ovarian cells and its possible mechanism. Our research focuses on the changes of ovarian cells growth and development after the newborn rat ovaries with cadmium exposure in vitro, and different expression of ovarian cells development-related factors, SCF/c-kit and changes of their DNA methylation status. We obtained ovaries from 4-day-old SD rats and cultured them in DMEM/F12 mixed with α-MEM media in vitro. Different doses of cadmium were designed as control, 0.5, 5, 10 and 50μM, and then the constituent ratio of ovarian follicle and follicular oocytes diameter were observed with microscope after 4-h exposure. We found that the increased constituent ratio of original follicle and decreased diameter of all levels of follicular oocytes(compared with control, with statistically significant differences, P<0.01).After the measurement of expression of SCF/c-kit by qRT-PCR and Western Blotting, the mRNA and protein expression of SCF/c-kit in ovarian were both decreased. We further found that the increased constituent ratio of growth follicle and increased diameter of oocytes under the treatment of adding SCF in cell culture media. Finally, MALDI-TOF-MS method showed DNA-low methylation status of SCF/c-kit promoter region after Cd exposure. Overall, we concluded that the exposure of cadimium (5-50μM) on newborn rats ovaries could inhibit follicle development.SCF/c-kit system might mediate follicle development damage caused by cadmium, which is associated with DNA hypomethylation of SCF/c-kit promoter region may be worthy of further study.

KEYWORDS:

Cadmium; DNA methylation; Follicle development; Stem cell factor; c-kit

PMID:
28801138
DOI:
10.1016/j.toxlet.2017.08.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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