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Explore (NY). 2017 Sep - Oct;13(5):333-338. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2017.06.006. Epub 2017 Jul 1.

Effects of Therapeutic Touch on Healing of the Skin in Rats.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Integrated College of the Ribeira Valley, Oscar Yoshiaki Magário St, 185, Jardim das Palmeiras, Registro, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: alfenas2@hotmail.com.
2
School of Nursing, Integrated College of the Ribeira Valley, Registro, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
3
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Integrated College of the Ribeira Valley, Oscar Yoshiaki Magário St, 185, Jardim das Palmeiras, Registro, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
4
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
5
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Therapeutic touch is a complementary treatment directed toward the balance of the energy field surrounding living beings.

OBJECTIVE:

This study's aim was to investigate the effect of therapeutic touch on wound area contraction and fibroblast proliferation in rat skin.

DESIGN:

This study was conducted using 24 male Wistar rats with dorsal wounds of diameter 8mm. The rats were divided into the following two groups: a control group: in this, the wounds were sanitized with filtered water and neutral-pH soap and a treatment group: in this, the wounds were sanitized as in the control group but the rats also underwent to daily sessions of therapeutic touch. Wound area was measured on days 1, 4, and 7 using imagelab software, version 2.4 R.C. On days 4 and 7, six animals in each group were euthanized so that the lesioned tissue could be collected for fibroblast counts and histological evaluations.

RESULTS:

On days 1 and 4, wound areas were similar in both groups. Moreover, no significant differences in fibroblast counts were observed on day 4. On day 7, however, fibroblast counts were significantly higher in the treated group than in the control group, with a subsequent wound shrinkage.

CONCLUSION:

These data indicate that therapeutic touch may accelerate wound repair, possibly by increasing fibroblast activity.

KEYWORDS:

fibroblasts; healing; therapeutic touch

PMID:
28801081
DOI:
10.1016/j.explore.2017.06.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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