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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2017 Dec;95(12):1414-1425. doi: 10.1139/cjpp-2016-0704. Epub 2017 Aug 11.

A 13-week low glycemic load diet and lifestyle modification program combining low glycemic load protein shakes and targeted nutraceuticals improved weight loss and cardio-metabolic risk factors.

Author information

1
a Hughes Center for Research and Innovation, Nature's Sunshine, 2500 Executive Parkway, Lehi, UT 84043, USA.
2
b Bio Nexus Ltd., 53 Brown Road, Suite B, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA.
3
c Hypertension Institute of Nashville, St. Thomas Medical Group, 4230 Harding Road, Nashville, TN 37205, USA.

Abstract

An open-label, randomized, exploratory study of 44 healthy overweight subjects with cardio-metabolic syndrome (CMS) risk factors was conducted to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of a proprietary lifestyle modification program without (DIET) and with (PROG) targeted nutraceutical supplementation, including phytosterols, antioxidants, probiotics, fish oil, berberine, and soy, pea, and whey proteins over 13 weeks. Key metrics were recorded at baseline and weeks 9 and 13. For the DIET and PROG groups, compliance was 85% and 86%, respectively, with no adverse events related to the diet or supplements. Twelve subjects discontinued participation before week 9 for reasons unrelated to the study. PROG subjects experienced greater decreases (p < 0.05) than DIET in body mass, fat mass, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, TG, cholesterol / HDL ratio, TG/HDL ratio, apolipoprotein B / apolipoprotein A1 ratio, and hs-CRP. The Framingham 10-year cardiovascular disease risk score decreased by 40% (p < 0.01) in the PROG arm versus no change for the DIET arm. As a pilot study, it was not possible to state whether the observed effects were the result of nutraceutical supplementation alone or the result of additive or synergistic interactions among diet, lifestyle modifications, and nutraceutical supplementation. Moreover, individuals with CMS risk factors following a lifestyle modification program received additional health benefits from targeted nutraceutical supplementation.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03097965.

KEYWORDS:

bergamot polyphenols; cardio-metabolic syndrome; low glycemic load diet; nitric oxide; obesity; obésité; oxyde nitrique; polyphénols de bergamote; régime alimentaire à faible charge glycémique; syndrome cardio-métabolique

PMID:
28800398
DOI:
10.1139/cjpp-2016-0704
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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