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J Med Chem. 1987 Jan;30(1):49-57.

2,4-diamino-6,7-dimethoxyquinazolines. 1. 2-[4-(1,4-benzodioxan-2-ylcarbonyl)piperazin-1-yl] derivatives as alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonists and antihypertensive agents.


A series of 4-amino-2-[4-(1,4-benzodioxan-2-ylcarbonyl)piperazin-1 -yl]-6, 7-dimethoxyquinazoline derivatives was synthesized for evaluation as alpha-antagonists and antihypertensive agents. Most compounds displayed high (nM) binding affinity for alpha 1-adrenoceptors with no significant activity at alpha 2-sites. Selective antagonism of the alpha 1-mediated vasoconstrictor effects of norepinephrine is also characteristic of the series. Structure-activity relationships for alpha 1-adrenoceptor affinity are presented, and structural similarity between the 2,4-diamino-6,7-dimethoxyquinazoline nucleus and norepinephrine is established. An alpha 1-receptor model is presented in which charge-reinforced hydrogen bonding is important for binding of both antagonist and agonist molecules. Antihypertensive activity was evaluated after oral administration (5 mg/kg) to spontaneously hypertensive rats, and several compounds displayed similar efficacy to prazosin when assessed after 6 h. On the basis of alpha 1-adrenoceptor affinity/selectivity in vitro and duration of antihypertensive action in vivo, compound 1 (doxazosin) was selected for further evaluation and is currently progressing through phase III clinical trials.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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