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Knee. 2017 Oct;24(5):1182-1186. doi: 10.1016/j.knee.2017.05.014. Epub 2017 Aug 7.

Smoking is associated with earlier time to revision of total knee arthroplasty.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 450 Broadway Street, Redwood City, CA 94063, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University Hospital, 1E Kent Ridge Road, NUHS Tower Block, Level 11, 119228, Singapore.
2
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 450 Broadway Street, Redwood City, CA 94063, USA.
3
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 450 Broadway Street, Redwood City, CA 94063, USA. Electronic address: dfa@stanford.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Smoking is associated with early postoperative complications, increased length of hospital stay, and an increased risk of revision after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the effect of smoking on time to revision TKA is unknown.

METHODS:

A total of 619 primary TKAs referred to an academic tertiary center for revision TKA were retrospectively stratified according to the patient smoking status. Smoking status was then analyzed for associations with time to revision TKA using a Chi square test. The association was also analyzed according to the indication for revision TKA.

RESULTS:

Smokers (37/41, 90%) have an increased risk of earlier revision for any reason compared to non-smokers (274/357, 77%, p=0.031). Smokers (37/41, 90%) have an increased risk of earlier revision for any reason compared to ex-smokers (168/221, 76%, p=0.028). Subgroup analysis did not reveal a difference in indication for revision TKA (p>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Smokers are at increased risk of earlier revision TKA when compared to non-smokers and ex-smokers. The risk for ex-smokers was similar to that of non-smokers. Smoking appears to have an all-or-none effect on earlier revision TKA as patients who smoked more did not have higher risk of early revision TKA. These results highlight the need for clinicians to urge patients not to begin smoking and encourage smokers to quit smoking prior to primary TKA.

KEYWORDS:

Ex-Smokers; Non-Smokers; Revision; Smokers; Smoking; Total Knee Arthroplasty

PMID:
28797880
DOI:
10.1016/j.knee.2017.05.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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