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Otol Neurotol. 2017 Oct;38(9):e378-e383. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000001525.

Sensitivity and Specificity of Clinical and Laboratory Otolith Function Tests.

Author information

1
*Department of Otolaryngology †Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate clinic based and laboratory tests of otolith function for their sensitivity and specificity in demarcating unilateral compensated complete vestibular deficit from normal.

STUDY DESIGN:

Prospective cross-sectional study.

SETTING:

Tertiary care hospital vestibular physiology laboratory.

SUBJECTS:

Control group-30 healthy adults, 20-45 years age; Case group-15 subjects post vestibular shwannoma excision or post-labyrinthectomy with compensated unilateral complete audio-vestibular loss.

INTERVENTION:

Otolith function evaluation by precise clinical testing (head tilt test-HTT; subjective visual vertical-SVV) and laboratory testing (headroll-eye counterroll-HR-ECR; vesibular evoked myogenic potentials-cVEMP).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Sensitivity and specificity of clinical and laboratory tests in differentiating case and control subjects.

RESULTS:

Measurable test results were universally obtained with clinical otolith tests (SVV; HTT) but not with laboratory tests. The HR-ECR test did not indicate any definitive wave forms in 10% controls and 26% cases. cVEMP responses were absent in 10% controls.HTT test with normative cutoff at 2 degrees deviations from vertical noted as 93.33% sensitive and 100% specific. SVV test with normative cutoff at 1.3 degrees noted as 100% sensitive and 100% specific. Laboratory tests demonstrated poorer specificities owing primarily to significant unresponsiveness in normal controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

Clinical otolith function tests, if conducted with precision, demonstrate greater ability than laboratory testing in discriminating normal controls from cases with unilateral complete compensated vestibular dysfunction.

PMID:
28796086
DOI:
10.1097/MAO.0000000000001525
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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