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Sci Rep. 2017 Aug 9;7(1):7635. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-06742-7.

Genome-wide dissection of heterosis for yield traits in two-line hybrid rice populations.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, School of Advanced Agriculture Sciences and School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China.
2
Ava Seed Academy of Sciences, Changsha, Hunan, China.
3
Ava Seed Academy of Sciences, Changsha, Hunan, China. yzhuyah@163.com.
4
State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, School of Advanced Agriculture Sciences and School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China. deng@pku.edu.cn.
5
State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, School of Advanced Agriculture Sciences and School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China. hehang@pku.edu.cn.

Abstract

Heterosis has been widely utilized in agriculture and is important for world food safety. Many genetic models have been proposed as mechanisms underlying heterosis during the past century, yet more evidence is needed to support such models. To investigate heterosis in two-line hybrid rice, we generated a partial diallel crossing scheme, which consisted of approximately 500 F1 hybrids derived from 14 male sterile lines and 39 restorer lines. In this population, increased panicle number played the most important role in yield heterosis of hybrid rice. Genome-wide association studies identified many QTLs related to the yield traits of F1 hybrids, better paternal heterosis and special combining ability. Relevant genes, including Hd3a, qGL3, OsmiR156h, and LAX2, were identified as candidates within these QTLs. Nearly forty percent of the QTLs had only two genotypes in the F1 hybrids, mainly because the maternal lines were under intense selective pressure. Further analysis found male sterile lines and restorer lines made different superior allele contributions to F1 hybrids, and their contributions varied among different traits. These results extend our understanding of the molecular basis of heterosis in two-line hybrid rice.

PMID:
28794433
PMCID:
PMC5550440
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-017-06742-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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