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Thyroid. 2017 Oct;27(10):1258-1266. doi: 10.1089/thy.2017.0192. Epub 2017 Sep 15.

Comparison of Core-Needle Biopsy and Fine-Needle Aspiration for Evaluating Thyroid Incidentalomas Detected by 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography: A Propensity Score Analysis.

Author information

1
1 Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine , Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
2
2 Department of Radiology, Namwon Medical Center , Jeollabuk-Do, Republic of Korea.
3
3 Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine , Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
4
4 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Ulsan College of Medicine , Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
5
5 Department of Pathology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine , Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
6
6 Department of Surgery, University of Ulsan College of Medicine , Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study used a propensity score analysis to assess the roles of core-needle biopsy (CNB) and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) in the evaluation of thyroid incidentalomas detected on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT).

METHODS:

The study population was obtained from a historical cohort who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT between October 2008 and September 2015. Patients were included who underwent ultrasound-guided CNB or FNA for incidental focal uptake of 18F-FDG in the thyroid gland on PET/CT. The primary study outcomes included the inconclusive result rates in the CNB and FNA groups. The secondary outcome measures included the non-diagnostic result rate and the diagnostic performance for neoplasms. Multivariate analysis, propensity score matching, and inverse probability weighting were conducted.

RESULTS:

A total of 1360 nodules from 1338 patients were included in this study: 859 nodules from 850 patients underwent FNA, and 501 nodules from 488 patients underwent CNB. Compared to FNA, CNB demonstrated a significantly lower inconclusive result rate in the pooled cohort (23.8% vs. 35.4%; p < 0.001), propensity score-matched cohorts (22.9% vs. 36.6%; p < 0.001), and with inverse probability weighting (22.4% vs. 35.2%; p < 0.001). Non-diagnostic result rates were also significantly lower in CNB than in FNA. The diagnostic performance of the two groups in the pooled and matched cohorts was similar, with no significant differences found.

CONCLUSIONS:

The significantly lower inconclusive result rates in CNB than in FNA were consistent within the propensity score-matched cohorts. Therefore, CNB appears to be a promising diagnostic tool for patients with thyroid incidentalomas detected on 18F-FDG PET/CT.

KEYWORDS:

18F-FDG PET/CT; core-needle biopsy; fine-needle aspiration; propensity score analysis; thyroid incidentalomas; ultrasound

PMID:
28791924
DOI:
10.1089/thy.2017.0192
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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