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The Molecular Basis of Portal Hypertension.

Author information

1
Charleston, South Carolina.

Abstract

Cirrhosis leads to portal hypertension and vascular abnormalities in multiple vascular beds. There is intense vasoconstriction in the liver and the kidneys, but also vasodilation in the other vascular beds, including the periphery, lungs, brain, and mesentery. The derangement in each of these beds leads to specific clinical disease. The vasoconstrictive phenotype in the liver ultimately leads to clinical portal hypertension, and is caused by an imbalance of vasoconstrictive and vasorelaxing molecules, which will be the focus of this review.

PMID:
28790516
PMCID:
PMC5525430
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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