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Brain Res. 2017 Oct 1;1672:129-136. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2017.08.002. Epub 2017 Aug 5.

The effects of anandamide and oleamide on cognition depend on diurnal variations.

Author information

1
Departamento de Neurofisiología del Desarrollo y Neurofisiología, Instituto de Neurobiología, UNAM, Mexico. Electronic address: ruedap@unam.mx.
2
Departamento de Neurobiología y Neurociencias, Facultad de Psicología, UNAM, Mexico.
3
Laboratorio de Neurogenómica Cognitiva, Coordinación de Psicobiología y Neurociencias, Facultad de Psicología, UNAM, Mexico.
4
Laboratorio de Cannabinoides, Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Medicina, UNAM, Mexico.

Abstract

Cannabinergic receptor 1 (CB1r) is highly expressed in almost the entire brain; hence, its activation affects diverse functions, including cognitive processes such as learning and memory. On the other hand, it has been demonstrated that CB1r expression fluctuates along the light-dark cycle. In this context, the objective of this work was to characterize the cannabinergic influence over cognitive processes and its relationship with the light-dark cycle. To this aim we studied the effects of two endogenous cannabinoids, anandamide (AEA) and oleamide (ODA), on the consolidation of memory and event-related potentials (ERPs) depending on the light-dark cycle. Our results indicate that AEA and ODA impair the consolidation of spatial and emotional memories and reduce the amplitude of several components of the ERP complex, depending on the phase of the light-dark cycle. This study further supports the notion that endocannabinoids participate in the regulation of cognitive processes with strong influence of environmental variables such as the light-dark cycle.

KEYWORDS:

Anandamide; Circadian rhythms; Event-related potentials; Memory; Oleamide

PMID:
28789932
DOI:
10.1016/j.brainres.2017.08.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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