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Opt Express. 2017 Jul 24;25(15):16907-16915. doi: 10.1364/OE.25.016907.

Annihilating optical angular momentum and realizing a meta-waveplate with anomalous functionalities.

Abstract

Manipulating the polarization states of electromagnetic waves, a fundamental issue in optics, has attracted intense attention. However, most of the reported devices are either so bulky or with specific functionalities. Here we propose a conceptually new approach to design an ultra-thin meta-waveplate (MWP) with anomalous functionalities. By elaborately designing the structural units of the metasurface, the incident right circular polarized (CP) light carrying spin angular momentum can be coupled into two surface plasmon modes with opposite orbital angular momenta which interaction with each other in the near-field, degenerating to a linear polarized (LP) light in the far-filed. The incoming spin angular momentum is annihilated and the designed MWP can function as a quarter-waveplate. However, compared with the conventional quarter-waveplates, our designed MWP owns the unidirectional function (only converting CP light to LP light) with a certain output polarization angle, which provides an extra degree of freedoms in controlling the polarization. Moreover, the designed MWP can function as a chiral material and exhibiting optical rotation properties within a broad bandwidth.

PMID:
28789190
DOI:
10.1364/OE.25.016907

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