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Dev Reprod. 2017 Jun;21(2):205-213. doi: 10.12717/DR.2017.21.2.205. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Effect of Alpha-Linolenic Acid on Oocyte Maturation and Embryo Development in Pigs.

Author information

1
College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University, Chunchoen 24341, Republic of Korea.
2
College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chunchoen 24341, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of additional alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) supplementation during in vitro maturation (IVM) and culture (IVC) on nucleic maturation and embryo development of pigs. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were incubated in IVM medium containing different concentration of ALA (25, 50 and 100 μM) for 44 h. After in vitro maturation, nuclear maturation of oocytes were evaluated by aceto-orcein stain. Mature oocytes with 50 μM ALA were fertilized and cultured in IVC medium with ALA (25, 50 and 100 μM) during early-embryogenesis (48 hours after fertilization). Then, embryos were cultured with 25 μM ALA during early embryogenesis and/or late embryogenesis (120 hours after early-embryogenesis). In results, oocyte maturation were significantly increased by 50 μM ALA treatment groups compared with control groups (p<0.05). Treatment of 25 μM ALA during early-embryogenesis enhanced cleavage rate of embryo compared with other groups (p<0.05), whereas formation and total cell number of blastocyst had no significant difference. Similarly, cleavage rate of embryos were increased by 25 μM ALA supplement during early- or late-embryogenesis than ALA treatment both stage of embryogenesis (p<0.05), but did not influence to blastocyst formation. Interestingly, total cell number of blastocyst were enhanced in ALA treatment group during early-embryogenesis. These findings indicated that ALA supplement enhance the nuclear maturation of oocyte and embryo development, however, excessive ALA could negatively influence. Therefore, we suggest that ALA is used for improvement of in vitro production of mammalian embryo and further study regarding with functional mechanism of ALA is needed.

KEYWORDS:

Alpha-linolenic acid; Embryo; In vitro culture; In vitro maturation; Oocyte; Pig

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