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Card Fail Rev. 2017 Apr;3(1):7-11. doi: 10.15420/cfr.2016:25:2.

Global Public Health Burden of Heart Failure.

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Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine,Karolinska Insitutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Cardiology, Karolinska University Hospital,Stockholm, Sweden.


Heart failure (HF) is a global pandemic affecting at least 26 million people worldwide and is increasing in prevalence. HF health expenditures are considerable and will increase dramatically with an ageing population. Despite the significant advances in therapies and prevention, mortality and morbidity are still high and quality of life poor. The prevalence, incidence, mortality and morbidity rates reported show geographic variations, depending on the different aetiologies and clinical characteristics observed among patients with HF. In this review we focus on the global epidemiology of HF, providing data about prevalence, incidence, mortality and morbidity worldwide.


Heart failure; clinical characteristics; geographic differences; heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction; heart failure with preserved ejection fraction; heart failure with reduced ejection fraction; incidence; morbidity; mortality; prevalence

Conflict of interest statement

Disclosure: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

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