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Surgery. 1986 Dec;100(6):954-61.

Evidence for nongastrin-mediated somatostatin inhibition of parietal cell function.


Somatostatin (SRIF), a tetradecapeptide, has been reported to suppress gastrin release and hence inhibit acid secretion in vivo. This study was performed to determine whether SRIF has any direct effect on parietal cell (PC). Isolated gastric cells were prepared by collagenase digestion and calcium chelation of rabbit fundic mucosa. PC enrichment (75% +/- 5%) was accomplished by velocity sedimentation with an elutriator rotor. Acid, as assessed by the accumulation of 14C-aminopyrine (AP) and macromolecular (intrinsic factor [IF]) secretion were used as markers of PC function. Cells were stimulated with histamine (H) (10(-6) mol/L). SRIF (10(-10) to 10(-6) mol/L) significantly inhibited H-stimulated 14C-AP accumulation (p less than 0.05). Inhibition of H-stimulated IF release was less sensitive, occurring at 10(-8) and 10(-7) mol/L (p less than 0.05), and loss of inhibition was observed at 10(-6) mol/L (p less than 0.05). These results demonstrate a direct inhibitory action of SRIF on PC secretion. The difference in inhibitory effect on IF and proton secretion is consistent with the postulation that SRIF may function at more than one site within the PC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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