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BMC Genomics. 2017 Aug 7;18(1):586. doi: 10.1186/s12864-017-3939-4.

Chemosensory genes in the antennal transcriptome of two syrphid species, Episyrphus balteatus and Eupeodes corollae (Diptera: Syrphidae).

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100193, China.
2
State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100193, China. yangliu@ippcaas.cn.
3
State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100193, China. wangguirong@caas.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Predatory syrphid larvae are an important natural enemy of aphids in cotton agro-ecosystems in China. Their behaviors in prey foraging, localization and oviposition greatly rely on the perception of chemical cues. As a first step to better understand syrphid olfaction at the molecular level, we have performed a systematic identification of their major chemosensory genes.

RESULTS:

Male and female antennal transcriptomes of Episyrphus balteatus and Eupeodes corollae were sequenced and assembled using Illumina HiSeq2000 technology. A total of 154 chemosensory genes in E. balteatus transcriptome, including candidate 51 odorant receptors (ORs), 32 ionotropic receptors (IRs), 14 gustatory receptors (GRs), 49 odorant-binding proteins (OBPs), 6 chemosensory proteins (CSPs) and 2 sensory neuron membrane proteins (SNMPs) were identified. In E. corollae transcriptome, we identified 134 genes including 42 ORs, 23 IRs, 16 GRs, 44 OBPs, 7 CSPs and 2 SNMPs. We have provided full-length sequences of the highly conserved co-receptor Orco, IR8a/25a family and carbon dioxide gustatory receptor in both syrphid species. The expression of candidate OR genes in the two syrphid species was evaluated by semi-quantitative reverse transcription PCR. There were no significant differences of transcript abundances in the respective male and female antenna, which is consistent with differentially expressed genes (DEGs) analysis using the FPKM value. The sequences of candidate chemosensory genes were confirmed and phylogenetic analysis was performed.

CONCLUSIONS:

This research comprehensively analyzed and identified many novel candidate chemosensory genes regarding syrphid olfaction. It provides an opportunity for understanding how syrphid insects use chemical cues to conduct their behaviors among tritrophic interactions of plants, herbivorous insects, and natural enemies in agricultural ecosystems.

KEYWORDS:

Chemosensory genes; Episyrphus balteatus; Eupeodes corollae; Odorant receptors; Syrphid olfaction; Transcriptome

PMID:
28784086
PMCID:
PMC5547493
DOI:
10.1186/s12864-017-3939-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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