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Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2017 Nov;34(11):2011-2022. doi: 10.1080/19440049.2017.1363416. Epub 2017 Aug 14.

Multiclass mycotoxin analysis in edible oils using a simple solvent extraction method and liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry.

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a Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, College of Pharmacy , Chung-Ang University , Dongjak-gu , Seoul , Republic of Korea.
b Food Contaminants Division, Department of Food Safety Evaluation , National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety , Cheongju-si , Chungcheongbuk-do , Republic of Korea.


A simple and rapid method for the simultaneous determination of 11 mycotoxins - aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and G2; fumonisins B1, B2 and B3; ochratoxin A; zearalenone; deoxynivalenol; and T-2 toxin - in edible oils was established using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). In this study, QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe), QuEChERS with dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction, and solvent extraction were examined for sample preparation. Among these methods, solvent extraction with a mixture of formic acid/acetonitrile (5/95, v/v) successfully extracted all target mycotoxins. Subsequently, a defatting process using n-hexane was employed to remove the fats present in the edible oil samples. Mass spectrometry was carried out using electrospray ionisation in polarity switching mode with multiple reaction monitoring. The developed LC-MS/MS method was validated by assessing the specificity, linearity, recovery, limit of quantification (LOQ), accuracy and precision with reference to Commission Regulation (EC) 401/2006. Mycotoxin recoveries of 51.6-82.8% were achieved in addition to LOQs ranging from 0.025 ng/g to 1 ng/g. The edible oils proved to be relatively uncomplicated matrices and the developed method was applied to 9 edible oil samples, including soybean oil, corn oil and rice bran oil, to evaluate potential mycotoxin contamination. The levels of detection were significantly lower than the international regulatory standards. Therefore, we expect that our developed method, based on simple, two-step sample preparation process, will be suitable for the large-scale screening of mycotoxin contamination in edible oils.


LC-MS/MS; Simultaneous analysis; edible oil; multiclass mycotoxin

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