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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2017 Sep 6;9(35):29526-29537. doi: 10.1021/acsami.7b07990. Epub 2017 Aug 23.

A Self-Powered Wearable Noninvasive Electronic-Skin for Perspiration Analysis Based on Piezo-Biosensing Unit Matrix of Enzyme/ZnO Nanoarrays.

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College of Sciences, Northeastern University , Shenyang 110004, China.
School of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China , Chengdu 610054, China.


The emerging multifunctional flexible electronic-skin for establishing body-electric interaction can enable real-time monitoring of personal health status as a new personalized medicine technique. A key difficulty in the device design is the flexible power supply. Here a self-powered wearable noninvasive electronic-skin for perspiration analysis has been realized on the basis of a piezo-biosensing unit matrix of enzyme/ZnO nanoarrays. The electronic-skin can detect lactate, glucose, uric acid, and urea in the perspiration, and no outside electrical power supply or battery is used in the biosensing process. The piezoelectric impulse of the piezo-biosensing units serves as the power supply and the data biosensor. The working mechanism can be ascribed to the piezoelectric-enzymatic-reaction coupling effect of enzyme/ZnO nanowires. The electronic-skin can real-time/continuously monitor the physiological state of a runner through analyzing the perspiration on his skin. This approach can promote the development of a new-type of body electric and self-powered biosensing electronic-skin.


electronic-skin; enzymatic reaction; perspiration analysis; piezoelectric effect; self-powered

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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