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Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 2017 Aug 1;11:35. doi: 10.1186/s13034-017-0171-6. eCollection 2017.

The association of monthly, diurnal and circadian variations with suicide attempts by young people.

Author information

1
Outpatient Clinic of Transcultural Psychiatry and Migration Induced Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria.
2
Department for Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria.
3
Department for Epidemiology, Medical University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15/I, 1090 Vienna, Austria.
4
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Different psychosocial factors might have an impact on suicidal behaviour and evidence shows that there may be an association between monthly, diurnal and circadian changes and suicidal behaviours.

METHODS:

In the present study we analysed retrospectively records of 2232 youth, who were treated in emergency units of state hospitals in Istanbul/Turkey after attempting suicide.

RESULTS:

The majority of the suicide attempters were females (81.6%). In both sexes, suicide attempts most frequently occurred at the beginning of the calendar week and between evening and midnight.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study shows that suicide attempts in youth follow diurnal and circadian changes. As suicide attempts of youth most frequently occurred at the beginning of the calendar week and between evening and midnight, health services such as specialized counselling for youth should especially be available during this time.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Diurnal and circadian changes; Suicide attempts; Turkey; Youth

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