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Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2017 Aug;28:85-91. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2017.05.008. Epub 2017 May 24.

Effect of inhalation aromatherapy with lavender essence on pain associated with intravenous catheter insertion in preschool children: A quasi-experimental study.

Author information

1
Department of Health Economics and Management, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Electronic address: bikmoradi@umsha.ac.ir.
2
Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Electronic address: masoome.khalegh@gmail.com.
3
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Electronic address: sedighi@umsha.ac.ir.
4
Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Electronic address: shirin.moradkhani@yahoo.com.
5
Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Electronic address: arsoltanian@yahoo.com.
6
Clinical Research Development Unit of Besat Hospital, Department of Pediatric Nursing, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Electronic address: f_cheraghi@yahoo.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of inhalation aromatherapy with lavender essence on the pain severity of intravenous catheter insertion in hospitalized preschool children.

METHOD:

A quasi-experimental study involving 60 participants using convenience sampling were assigned to control (n = 30) and aromatherapy (n = 30) groups. Children in the aromatherapy group inhaled 5 drops of the essence, while children in the control group inhaled 5 drops of distilled water, 20 min before venipuncture. Pain severity was measured using OUCHER scale 10 min after catheterization.

RESULTS:

Mean of pain severity between the aromatherapy and control groups demonstrated a significant difference immediately (P = 0.002) and 5 (P = 0.001) and 10 min (P = 0.01) after intravenous catheter insertion. Mean of pain severity in the three assessed time points had significant differences in aromatherapy and control groups (P = 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Aromatherapy with Lavender essence helped to reduce pain severity of intravenous catheter insertion in children.

KEYWORDS:

Aromatherapy; Intravenous catheter insertion; Lavender essence; Pain severity; Preschool-aged

PMID:
28779942
DOI:
10.1016/j.ctcp.2017.05.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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