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Nurs Clin North Am. 2017 Sep;52(3):489-497. doi: 10.1016/j.cnur.2017.04.004.

Clinical and Community Strategies to Prevent Falls and Fall-Related Injuries Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults.

Author information

1
College of Nursing, University of Arizona, 1305 North Martin Avenue, PO Box 210203, Tucson, AZ 85721-0203, USA. Electronic address: rtaylor@nursing.arizona.edu.
2
Arizona Center on Aging, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, 1807 East Elm Street, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA.
3
Arizona Center on Aging, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, 1807 East Elm Street, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA; Division of Geriatrics, General Internal Medicine, and Palliative Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, 1501 N. Campbell Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA; Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, 295 N. Martin Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA.

Abstract

Falls in older adults are the result of several risk factors across biological and behavioral aspects of the person, along with environmental factors. Falls can trigger a downward spiral in activities of daily living, independence, and overall health outcomes. Clinicians who care for older adults should screen them annually for falls. A multifactorial comprehensive clinical fall assessment coupled with tailored interventions can result in a dramatic public health impact, while improving older adult quality of life. For community-dwelling older adults, effective fall prevention has the potential to reduce serious fall-related injuries, emergency room visits, hospitalizations, institutionalization, and functional decline.

KEYWORDS:

Accident prevention; Accidental fall; Aged; Geriatric assessment; Injury; Risk factors

PMID:
28779828
DOI:
10.1016/j.cnur.2017.04.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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