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Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2017 Dec;42(12):1277-1282. doi: 10.1139/apnm-2017-0098. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Minimal alteration in muscle lipid genes following stabilized weight loss.

Author information

1
a Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska-Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA.
2
b Center for Translational Research in Aging and Longevity, Department of Geriatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA.
3
c Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Abstract

Variations in skeletal muscle peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α), carntine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1), perilipin protein 2 (PLIN2), and adipose tissue triglyceride lipase (ATGL), and comparative gene identification-58 (CGI-58) have been described as playing important roles in the metabolic regulation of lipid oxidation, and may influence intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) and muscle lipid droplet size (LDS). While acute changes in caloric balance and/or aerobic capacity may affect lipid metabolism, the influence of sustained weight loss derived from caloric restriction with weight loss (CWL) compared with exercise training with weight loss (EWL) on the abovementioned parameters has not been fully elucidated. Using a combination of metabolic feeding and/or supervised exercise training, we evaluated the influence of stabilized weight loss elicited by CWL compared with EWL without the confounding influence of acute alterations in caloric balance on molecular markers of mitochondrial metabolism and lipid droplet size in middle-aged overweight individuals with impaired glucose tolerance. There were no significant changes in PGC-1α, CPT-1, PLIN2, ATGL and, CGI-58 messenger RNA (mRNA) in CWL and EWL. While there were no changes in ATGL mRNA in CWL, there was a strong trend (P = 0.05) for the ΔATGL mRNA in EWL with stabilized weight loss. There were no significant changes in IMCL or LDS within skeletal muscle in CWL or EWL, respectively. In conclusion, under the conditions of chronic caloric balance following dietary or exercise-based interventions, mediators of mitochondrial function, IMCL and LDS, were largely unaffected. Future studies should focus on intervention-based changes in protein expression and/or phosphorylation and the relationship to physiological endpoints.

KEYWORDS:

alimentation; fat metabolism; metabolic syndrome; mitochondrial metabolism; métabolisme des graisses; métabolisme mitochondrial; nutrition; obesity; obésité; syndrome métabolique

PMID:
28777921
DOI:
10.1139/apnm-2017-0098
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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