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Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi. 2017 Aug 10;34(4):471-475. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1003-9406.2017.04.001.

[Study of gene mutation and pathogenetic mechanism for a family with Waardenburg syndrome].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008, China.



To explore the pathogenetic mechanism of a family affected with Waardenburg syndrome.


Clinical data of the family was collected. Potential mutation of the MITF, SOX10 and SNAI2 genes were screened. Plasmids for wild type (WT) and mutant MITF proteins were constructed to determine their exogenous expression and subcellular distribution by Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay, respectively.


A heterozygous c.763C>T (p.R255X) mutation was detected in exon 8 of the MITF gene in the proband and all other patients from the family. No pathological mutation of the SOX10 and SNAI2 genes was detected. The DNA sequences of plasmids of MITFwild and mutant MITFR255X were confirmed. Both proteins were detected with the expected size. WT MITF protein only localized in the nucleus, whereas R255X protein showed aberrant localization in the nucleus as well as the cytoplasm.


The c.763C>T mutation of the MITF gene probably underlies the disease in this family. The mutation can affect the subcellular distribution of MITF proteins in vitro, which may shed light on the molecular mechanism of Waardenburg syndrome caused by mutations of the MITF gene.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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