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Curr Opin Crit Care. 2017 Oct;23(5):385-390. doi: 10.1097/MCC.0000000000000435.

Pneumonia with bacterial and viral coinfection.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

We aim to review the epidemiology of pneumonia with bacterial and viral coinfection, the pathogenesis and clinical impact of coinfection along with the current state of treatment and outcomes.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Emphasis is given to the pathogenesis of bacterial and viral co-infection including specific highlighting on influenza, rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus and cytomegalovirus. Updates on the current state of diagnosis and management are included, as well as on areas where future research can be directed to improve patient clinical outcomes regarding viral and bacterial coinfection.

SUMMARY:

Bacterial and viral coinfection is increasingly recognized as an underlying etiology for community- and hospital-acquired infections. Coinfections may be a risk factor for ICU admission, severity of disease, and mortality. Clinicians must be aware of these coinfections for appropriate management and prognostication, as well as for the prevention of nosocomial spread of viral illness.

PMID:
28777158
DOI:
10.1097/MCC.0000000000000435
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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