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Int J Public Health. 2018 May;63(Suppl 1):151-164. doi: 10.1007/s00038-017-0999-9. Epub 2017 Aug 3.

Burden of cancer in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 2005-2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study.

Collaborators (153)

Alsharif U, El Bcheraoui C, Khalil I, Charara R, Moradi-Lakeh M, Afshin A, Collison M, Chew A, Krohn KJ, Daoud F, Dicker D, Foreman KJ, Frostad J, Kassebaum NJ, Kutz M, Wang H, Abyu GY, Adedeji IA, Ahmad Kiadaliri A, Ahmed MB, Al-Eyadhy A, Alam K, Alasfoor D, Ali R, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Al-Raddadi R, Altirkawi KA, Alvis-Guzman N, Amini E, Anber N, Anwari P, Artaman A, Asgedom SW, Atey TM, Awasthi A, Ba Saleem HO, Bacha U, Barac A, Bedi N, Bhutta ZA, Butt ZA, Castañeda-Orjuela CA, Chitheer AA, Danawi H, das Neves J, Davitoiu DV, Dey S, Dharmaratne SD, Djalalinia S, Do HP, Dubey M, Ebrahimi H, Ekwueme DU, Endries AY, Eshrati B, Esteghamati A, Farvid MS, Fereshtehnejad SM, Fischer F, Gebrehiwot TT, Gopalani SV, Hafezi-Nejad N, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Hareri HA, Hay RJ, Horita N, Hsairi M, Jakovljevic MB, Jonas JB, Kasaeian A, Kassaw NA, Khader YS, Khan EA, Khan G, Kim D, Kinfu Y, Larson HJ, Latif AA, Linn S, Lunevicius R, Magdy Abd El Razek H, Magdy Abd El Razek M, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Malta DC, Markos D, Memiah P, Memish ZA, Mendoza W, Meretoja TJ, Miller TR, Mohammed S, Nangia V, Nguyen QL, Nguyen TH, Ogbo FA, Mahesh PA, Park EK, Patel T, Pereira DM, Pishgar F, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Radfar A, Rafay A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rai RK, Rana SM, Rawaf S, Renzaho AMN, Rezaei S, Roba KT, Roshandel G, Safdarian M, Safi S, Safiri S, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sanabria JR, Santric Milicevic MM, Sartorius B, Sepanlou SG, Shaikh MA, Shrime MG, Stathopoulou V, Sufiyan MB, Suliankatchi Abdulkader R, Tabarés-Seisdedos R, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Tekelab T, Temsah MH, Tran BX, Ukwaja KN, Uthman OA, Vlassov VV, Vollset SE, Wakayo T, Weiderpass E, Werdecker A, Yaghoubi M, Yaseri M, Yimam HH, Yonemoto N, Zaki MES, Zein B, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Hay SI, Naghavi M, Murray CJL, Mokdad AH, Fitzmaurice C.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To estimate incidence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) caused by cancer in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 2005 and 2015.

METHODS:

Vital registration system and cancer registry data from the EMR region were analyzed for 29 cancer groups in 22 EMR countries using the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 methodology.

RESULTS:

In 2015, cancer was responsible for 9.4% of all deaths and 5.1% of all DALYs. It accounted for 722,646 new cases, 379,093 deaths, and 11.7 million DALYs. Between 2005 and 2015, incident cases increased by 46%, deaths by 33%, and DALYs by 31%. The increase in cancer incidence was largely driven by population growth and population aging. Breast cancer, lung cancer, and leukemia were the most common cancers, while lung, breast, and stomach cancers caused most cancer deaths.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cancer is responsible for a substantial disease burden in the EMR, which is increasing. There is an urgent need to expand cancer prevention, screening, and awareness programs in EMR countries as well as to improve diagnosis, treatment, and palliative care services.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer; Disability-adjusted life years; Eastern Mediterranean Region; Incidence; Mortality

PMID:
28776254
PMCID:
PMC5973975
DOI:
10.1007/s00038-017-0999-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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