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Int J Public Health. 2018 May;63(Suppl 1):79-96. doi: 10.1007/s00038-017-1003-4. Epub 2017 Aug 3.

Adolescent health in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the global burden of disease 2015 study.

Collaborators (177)

Azzopardi P, Cini K, Kennedy E, Sawyer S, El Bcheraoui C, Charara R, Khalil I, Moradi-Lakeh M, Collison M, Afifi RA, Al-Raiby J, Krohn KJ, Daoud F, Chew A, Afshin A, Foreman KJ, Kassebaum NJ, Kutz M, Kyu HH, Liu P, Olsen HE, Smith A, Stanaway JD, Wang H, Ärnlöv J, Ahmad Kiadaliri A, Alam K, Alasfoor D, Ali R, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Al-Raddadi R, Altirkawi KA, Alvis-Guzman N, Anber N, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Artaman A, Asayesh H, Barker-Collo SL, Bedi N, Beghi E, Bennett DA, Bensenor IM, Bhutta ZA, Butt ZA, Castañeda-Orjuela CA, Catalá-López F, Charlson FJ, Danawi H, De Leo D, Degenhardt L, Denno D, Deribe K, Des Jarlais DC, Dey S, Dharmaratne SD, Djalalinia S, Erskine HE, Fereshtehnejad SM, Ferrari AJ, Fischer F, Gebrehiwot TT, Geleijnse JM, Gona PN, Gugnani HC, Gupta R, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Haro JM, Hay RJ, Hearps SJC, Hendrie D, Hotez PJ, Hu G, Jonas JB, Karch A, Karimi SM, Kasaeian A, Kebede S, Kengne AP, Khan EA, Khosravi A, Khubchandani J, Kokubo Y, Kopec JA, Kosen S, Larson HJ, Larsson A, Leasher JL, Leung J, Li Y, Lotufo PA, Lunevicius R, Magdy Abd El Razek H, Majdzadeh R, Majeed A, Memiah P, Memish ZA, Mendoza W, Mhimbira FA, Miller TR, Mitchell PB, Monasta L, Obermeyer CM, Oh IH, Olusanya BO, Ortiz A, Park EK, Parry M, Pereira DM, Phillips MR, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Radfar A, Rafay A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rai RK, Rana SM, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Reavley N, Renzaho AMN, Rezaei S, Rezai MS, Rios-Zertuche D, Roshandel G, Rothenbacher D, Safdarian M, Safi S, Safiri S, Sahraian MA, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sanabria JR, Santomauro D, Sartorius B, Schwebel DC, Seedat S, Sepanlou SG, Setegn T, Shaheen A, Shaikh MA, Shiri R, Sigfusdottir ID, Singh JA, Sobaih BHA, Sreeramareddy CT, Suliankatchi Abdulkader R, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Temsah MH, Terkawi AS, Thomson AJ, Tonelli M, Topor-Madry R, Tran BX, Ukwaja KN, Uthman OA, Vasankari T, Venketasubramanian N, Vlassov VV, Vollset SE, Weiderpass E, Weintraub RG, Werdecker A, Whiteford HA, Yano Y, Yaseri M, Yonemoto N, Younis MZ, Yu C, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Hay SII, Naghavi M, Patton GC, Murray CJL, Mokdad AH.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The 22 countries of the East Mediterranean Region (EMR) have large populations of adolescents aged 10-24 years. These adolescents are central to assuring the health, development, and peace of this region. We described their health needs.

METHODS:

Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we report the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents in the EMR from 1990 to 2015. We also report the prevalence of key health risk behaviors and determinants.

RESULTS:

Communicable diseases and the health consequences of natural disasters reduced substantially between 1990 and 2015. However, these gains have largely been offset by the health impacts of war and the emergence of non-communicable diseases (including mental health disorders), unintentional injury, and self-harm. Tobacco smoking and high body mass were common health risks amongst adolescents. Additionally, many EMR countries had high rates of adolescent pregnancy and unmet need for contraception.

CONCLUSIONS:

Even with the return of peace and security, adolescents will have a persisting poor health profile that will pose a barrier to socioeconomic growth and development of the EMR.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent health; Burden of disease; Eastern Mediterranean Region

PMID:
28776253
PMCID:
PMC5701730
DOI:
10.1007/s00038-017-1003-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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