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Gastroenterology. 2018 Jan;154(2):289-301. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2017.07.040. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

Assessing Old and New Diagnostic Tests for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.

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Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee. Electronic address:
Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.


A detailed critique of objective measurements of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) would improve management of patients suspecting of having reflux, leading to rational selection of treatment and better outcomes. Many diagnostic tests for GERD have been developed over the past decades. We analyze their development, positive- and negative-predictive values, and ability to predict response to treatment. These features are important for development of medical, surgical, and endoscopic therapies for GERD. We discuss the value of available diagnostic tests and review their role in management of patients with persistent reflux symptoms despite adequate medical or surgical treatment. This is becoming a significant health economic problem, due to the widespread use of proton pump inhibitors. GERD is believed to cause nonesophageal symptoms, such as those provoked by ear, nose, throat, or respiratory disorders. We analyze the value of GERD diagnostic tests in evaluation of these troublesome, nonesophageal symptoms.


GERD; Mucosal Impedance; Reflux Monitoring

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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