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Materials (Basel). 2016 Oct 9;9(10). pii: E823. doi: 10.3390/ma9100823.

Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing of AZ31 Magnesium Alloy: Grain Refinement by Adjusting Pulse Frequency.

Author information

1
School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China. guojingcn@hotmail.com.
2
School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China. bitzhouy@bit.edu.cn.
3
School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China. liuchangmeng@bit.edu.cn.
4
School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China. qrwu@foxmail.com.
5
Beijing Institute of Astronautical Systems Engineering, Beijing 100076, China. chenxianping2000@gmail.com.
6
School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China. jipinglu@bit.edu.cn.

Abstract

Wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) offers a potential approach to fabricate large-scale magnesium alloy components with low cost and high efficiency, although this topic is yet to be reported in literature. In this study, WAAM is preliminarily applied to fabricate AZ31 magnesium. Fully dense AZ31 magnesium alloy components are successfully obtained. Meanwhile, to refine grains and obtain good mechanical properties, the effects of pulse frequency (1, 2, 5, 10, 100, and 500 Hz) on the macrostructure, microstructure and tensile properties are investigated. The results indicate that pulse frequency can result in the change of weld pool oscillations and cooling rate. This further leads to the change of the grain size, grain shape, as well as the tensile properties. Meanwhile, due to the resonance of the weld pool at 5 Hz and 10 Hz, the samples have poor geometry accuracy but contain finer equiaxed grains (21 μm) and exhibit higher ultimate tensile strength (260 MPa) and yield strength (102 MPa), which are similar to those of the forged AZ31 alloy. Moreover, the elongation of all samples is above 23%.

KEYWORDS:

AZ31 magnesium alloy; grain; mechanical properties; wire arc additive manufacturing

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