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J Neurochem. 2017 Oct;143(1):126-135. doi: 10.1111/jnc.14139. Epub 2017 Sep 5.

'Prion-like' propagation of the synucleinopathy of M83 transgenic mice depends on the mouse genotype and type of inoculum.

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Agence Nationale de Sécurité Sanitaire de l'alimentation, de l'environnement et du travail, Université de Lyon, Lyon, France.
Centre de Pathologie et Neuropathologie Est, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Université de Lyon, Institut Neuromyogène, CNRS, INSERM, Bron, France.

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The M83 transgenic mouse is a model of human synucleinopathies that develops severe motor impairment correlated with accumulation of the pathological Ser129-phosphorylated α-synuclein (α-synP ) in the brain and spinal cord. M83 disease can be accelerated by intracerebral inoculation of brain extracts from sick M83 mice. This has also recently been described using peripheral routes, injecting recombinant preformed α-syn fibrils into the muscle or the peritoneum. Here, we inoculated homozygous and/or hemizygous M83 neonates via the intraperitoneal and/or intracerebral routes with two different brain extracts: one from sick M83 mice inoculated with brain extract from other sick M83 mice, and the other derived from a human multiple system atrophy source passaged in M83 mice. Detection of α-synP using ELISA and western blot confirmed the disease in mice. The distribution of α-synP in the central nervous system was similar, independently of the inoculum or inoculation route, consistent with previous studies describing M83 disease. ELISA tests revealed higher levels of α-synP in homozygous than in hemizygous sick M83 mice, at least after IC inoculation. Interestingly, the immunoreactivity of α-synP detected by ELISA was significantly lower in M83 mice inoculated with the multiple system atrophy inoculum than in M83 mice inoculated with the M83 inoculum, at the first two passages. 'Prion-like' propagation of the synucleinopathy up to the clinical disease was accelerated by both intracerebral and intraperitoneal inoculations of brain extracts from sick mice. This acceleration, however, depends on the levels of α-syn expression by the mouse and the type of inoculum.


Parkinson's disease; multiple system atrophy; prion; transgenic; α-synuclein

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