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Psychol Sci. 2017 Oct;28(10):1398-1407. doi: 10.1177/0956797617709592. Epub 2017 Aug 3.

Single-Dose Testosterone Administration Impairs Cognitive Reflection in Men.

Author information

1
1 Department of Marketing, The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.
2
2 Department of Finance, Ivey School of Business, Western University.
3
3 ZRT Laboratory, Beaverton, Oregon.
4
4 Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology.

Abstract

In nonhumans, the sex steroid testosterone regulates reproductive behaviors such as fighting between males and mating. In humans, correlational studies have linked testosterone with aggression and disorders associated with poor impulse control, but the neuropsychological processes at work are poorly understood. Building on a dual-process framework, we propose a mechanism underlying testosterone's behavioral effects in humans: reduction in cognitive reflection. In the largest study of behavioral effects of testosterone administration to date, 243 men received either testosterone or placebo and took the Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT), which estimates the capacity to override incorrect intuitive judgments with deliberate correct responses. Testosterone administration reduced CRT scores. The effect remained after we controlled for age, mood, math skills, whether participants believed they had received the placebo or testosterone, and the effects of 14 additional hormones, and it held for each of the CRT questions in isolation. Our findings suggest a mechanism underlying testosterone's diverse effects on humans' judgments and decision making and provide novel, clear, and testable predictions.

KEYWORDS:

cognitive reflection; dual process; impulse control; neuroeconomics; open data; open materials; single administration; testosterone

PMID:
28771393
DOI:
10.1177/0956797617709592
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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