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J Med Chem. 2017 Sep 14;60(17):7434-7446. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00787. Epub 2017 Aug 16.

Peptide Half-Life Extension: Divalent, Small-Molecule Albumin Interactions Direct the Systemic Properties of Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 (GLP-1) Analogues.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen , Frederiksberg 1870, Denmark.
Gubra Aps , Hørsholm 2970, Denmark.


Noncovalent binding of biopharmaceuticals to human serum albumin protects against enzymatic degradation and renal clearance. Herein, we investigated the effect of mono- or divalent small-molecule albumin binders for half-life extension of peptides. For proof-of-principle, the clinically relevant glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) was functionalized with diflunisal, indomethacin, or both. In vitro, all GLP-1 analogues had subnanomolar GLP-1 receptor potency. Surface plasmon resonance revealed that both small molecules were able to confer albumin affinity to GLP-1 and indicated that affinity is increased for divalent analogues. In lean mice, the divalent GLP-1 analogues were superior to monovalent analogues with respect to control of glucose homeostasis and suppression of food intake. Importantly, divalent GLP-1 analogues showed efficacy comparable to liraglutide, an antidiabetic GLP-1 analogue that carries a long-chain fatty acid. Finally, pharmacokinetic investigations of a divalent GLP-1 analogue demonstrated a promising gain in circulatory half-life and absorption time compared to its monovalent equivalent.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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