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FEBS Lett. 1986 Nov 10;208(1):34-8.

Inhibition of the post-translational processing of microvillar hydrolases is associated with a specific decreased expression of sucrase-isomaltase and an increased turnover of glucose in Caco-2 cells treated with monensin.

Abstract

The biosynthesis and post-translational processing of sucrase-isomaltase and dipeptidylpeptidase IV were studied by L-[35S]methionine labeling, immunoisolation with monoclonal antibodies and SDS-PAGE in post-confluent Caco-2 cells treated with monensin (10 microM, 48 h). In addition to its classical effect on the post-translational processing of both hydrolases, i.e. an inhibition of the conversion of the high-mannose to the complex glycosylated form of the enzymes, monensin was found to have two other effects: a marked decrease of sucrase-isomaltase expression, but not of dipeptidylpeptidase IV; an increased turnover of glucose, as substantiated by increased rates of glucose consumption and lactic acid production and a decreased glycogen content. Whether these two effects are related to the particular differentiation and metabolic status of Caco-2 cells is discussed, as well as a possible role for the drug-induced modifications of glucose turnover on the decreased expression of sucrase-isomaltase.

PMID:
2876919
DOI:
10.1016/0014-5793(86)81526-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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