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Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Oct 20;23(5):233-238. doi: 10.5761/atcs.oa.16-00293. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

Predictors of Quality of Life Improvement after 2 Years of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.

Author information

1
School of Medicine, University of Pristina, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia.
2
Dedinje Cardiovascular Institute, Belgrade, Serbia.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim was to examine the predictors of improvement of quality of life after 2 years of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

METHODS:

In all, 208 patients who underwent the elective CABG at the Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases Dedinje in Belgrade were contacted and examined 2 years after the surgery. All patients completed Nottingham Health Profile Questionnaire part one.

RESULTS:

Two years after CABG, quality of life (QOL) in patients was significantly improved in all sections compared to preoperative period. Independent predictors of QOL improvement after 2 years of CABG were found to be serious angina under sections of physical mobility [p = 0.003, odds ratio (OR) = 1.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.21-2.55], energy (p = 0.01, OR = 1.63, 95% CI: 1.11-2.38), sleep (p = 0.005, OR = 1.65, 95% CI: 1.16-2.35), pain (p <0.001, OR = 2.43, 95% CI: 1.57-3.77), absence of hereditary load in energy section (p = 0.002, OR = 0.35, 95% CI: 0.18-0.68), male sex in the sleep section (p = 0.03, OR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.20-0.93), and absence of diabetes in pain section (p = 0.006, OR = 0.27, 95% CI: 0.10-0.68).

CONCLUSION:

Predictors of improvement of QOL after 2 years of CABG are serious angina, absence of hereditary load, male sex, and absence of diabetes.

KEYWORDS:

coronary artery bypass surgery; improvement; predictors; quality of life

PMID:
28768935
PMCID:
PMC5655335
DOI:
10.5761/atcs.oa.16-00293
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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