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Eur J Biochem. 1986 Oct 1;160(1):77-82.

Nucleotide sequence of the structural gene for dihydroorotase of Escherichia coli K12.


The nucleotide sequence of the dihydroorotase structural gene, pyrC, of Escherichia coli K12 has been determined. The DNA sequence predicts a polypeptide chain of 347 amino acid residues corresponding in size and composition to the previously purified dihydroorotase subunit. Nuclease S1 mapping indicated that transcription of pyrC is initiated around 40 base pairs upstream from the translational start. The transcriptional leader region contains a region of dyad symmetry, which allows a stable hairpin to be formed. This sequence may have regulatory functions since similar structures are found in other pyr genes. The nucleotide sequence also contains a 186-codon open reading frame in front of pyrC. Nuclease Bal31-deletion derivatives of pyrC plasmids indicate that this gene does not affect the expression of pyrC. The predicted polypeptide chain shows a putative signal sequence. Downstream from the structural gene a sequence similar to a rho-independent transcriptional terminator is found. This unknown gene may thus encode a membrane protein of unknown function.

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