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Mol Biol Cell. 2017 Sep 15;28(19):2569-2578. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E17-05-0326. Epub 2017 Aug 2.

Manganese-induced trafficking and turnover of GPP130 is mediated by sortilin.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.
Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213


Elevated, nontoxic doses of manganese (Mn) protect against Shiga toxin-1-induced cell death via down-regulation of GPP130, a cycling Golgi membrane protein that serves as an endosome-to-Golgi trafficking receptor for the toxin. Mn binds to GPP130 in the Golgi and causes GPP130 to oligomerize/aggregate, and the complexes are diverted to lysosomes. In fact, based on experiments using the self-interacting FM domain, it appears generally true that aggregation of a Golgi protein leads to its lysosomal degradation. How such oligomers are selectively sorted out of the Golgi is unknown. Here we provide evidence that Mn-induced exit of GPP130 from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) toward lysosomes is mediated by the sorting receptor sortilin interacting with the lumenal stem domain of GPP130. In contrast, FM-induced lysosomal trafficking of the Golgi protein galactosyltransferase was sortilin independent and occurred even in the absence of its native lumenal domain. Thus sortilin-dependent as well as sortilin-independent sorting mechanisms target aggregated Golgi membrane proteins for lysosomal degradation.

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