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J Agric Food Chem. 2017 Aug 16;65(32):6991-6999. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b02740. Epub 2017 Aug 8.

Creatine Monohydrate Enhances Energy Status and Reduces Glycolysis via Inhibition of AMPK Pathway in Pectoralis Major Muscle of Transport-Stressed Broilers.

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College of Animal Science and Technology, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Animal Origin Food Production and Safety Guarantee, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Nutrition and Animal Health, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Meat Production and Processing, Quality and Safety Control, Nanjing Agricultural University , Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China.
College of Science, Nanjing Agricultural University , Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China.


Creatine monohydrate (CMH) contributes to reduce transport-induced muscle rapid glycolysis and improve meat quality of broilers, but the underlying mechanism is still unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the ameliorative effects of CMH on muscle glycolysis metabolism of transported broilers during summer. The results showed that 3 h transport during summer elevated chicken live weight loss and plasma corticosterone concentration; decreased muscle concentrations of ATP, creatine, and energy charge value; increased muscle AMP concentration and AMP/ATP ratio; and upregulated muscle mRNA expression of LKB1 and AMPKα2, as well as protein expression of p-LKB1Thr189 and p-AMPKαThr172, which subsequently resulted in rapid glycolysis in the pectoralis major muscle and consequent reduction of meat quality. Dietary addition of CMH at 1200 mg/kg ameliorated transport-induced rapid muscle glycolysis and reduction of meat quality via enhancement of the energy-buffering capacity of intramuscular phosphocreatine/creatine system and inhibition of AMPK pathway.


broiler; creatine monohydrate; energy status; glycolysis; transport

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