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Gac Med Mex. 2017 May-Jun;153(3):321-328.

[Knowledge of vector-borne diseases (dengue, rickettsiosis and Chagas disease) in physicians].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Enfermedades Emergentes y Reemergentes, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán (UADY), UADY, Mérida, Yuc., México.
2
Facultad de Medicina, UADY, Mérida, Yuc., México.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The ecological conditions of Yucatan made it a suitable region for the acquisition of vector-borne diseases such as dengue, rickettsiosis, and Chagas disease. As the epidemiological burden of these diseases shows an alarming increase of severe cases, the early establishment of diagnosis and therapeutics by first-contact physicians is a critical step that is not being fulfilled due to several reasons, including poor knowledge.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the level of knowledge related to dengue, Chagas disease, and rickettsiosis among rural first-contact physicians of Yucatan.

METHODS:

A survey was applied to 90 first-contact physicians from rural clinics of Yucatan, which included 32 items related to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of dengue, rickettsiosis, and Chagas disease. Answers were analyzed by central tendency statistics.

RESULTS:

Differences were observed among every category, however; diagnosis and therapeutics showed the lower values. Globally, 62.5% of respondents showed moderate knowledge, 37.5% poor knowledge, and 0% adequate knowledge.

DISCUSSION:

Results suggest that a strong campaign for a continuous diffusion of knowledge regarding these diseases is needed. In regions with high prevalence of these kinds of diseases, like Yucatan, the impact of these results on the epidemiological burden of these diseases must be evaluated.

PMID:
28763070
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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