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Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2018 Jan;28(1):71-77. doi: 10.1007/s00590-017-2022-9. Epub 2017 Jul 31.

The validity and accuracy of MRI arthrogram in the assessment of painful articular disorders of the hip.

Author information

1
Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Gateshead Health Foundation NHS Trust, Sheriff Hill, Gateshead, NE9 6SX, UK. asrajeev18@gmail.com.
2
Department of Surgery, University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
3
Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Gateshead Health Foundation NHS Trust, Sheriff Hill, Gateshead, NE9 6SX, UK.

Abstract

The assessment of a patient with chronic hip pain can be challenging. The differential diagnosis of intra-articular pathology causing hip pain can be diverse. These includes conditions such as osteoarthritis, fracture, and avascular necrosis, synovitis, loose bodies, labral tears, articular pathology and, femoro-acetabular impingement. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) arthrography of the hip has been widely used now for diagnosis of articular pathology of the hip. A retrospective analysis of 113 patients who had MRI arthrogram and who underwent hip arthroscopy was included in the study. The MRI arthrogram was performed using gadolinium injection and reported by a single radiologist. The findings were then compared to that found on arthroscopy. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), accuracy and 95% confidence interval were calculated for each pathology. Labral tear-sensitivity 84% (74.3-90.5), specificity 64% (40.7-82.8), PPV 91% (82.1-95.8), NPV 48% (29.5-67.5), accuracy 80%. Delamination -sensitivity 7% (0.8-22.1), specificity 98% (91.6-99.7), PPV 50% (6.8-93.2), NPV 74% (65.1-82.2) and accuracy 39%. Chondral changes-sensitivity 25% (13.3-38.9), specificity 83% (71.3-91.1), PPV 52% (30.6-73.2), NPV 59% (48.0-69.2) and accuracy 58%. Femoro-acetabular impingement (CAM deformity)-sensitivity 34% (19.6-51.4), specificity 83% (72.2-90.4), PPV 50% (29.9-70.1), NPV 71% (60.6-80.5) and accuracy 66%. Synovitis-sensitivity 11% (2.3-28.2), specificity 99% (93.6-100), PPV 75% (19.4-99.4), NPV 77% (68.1-84.6) and accuracy 77%. Our study conclusions are MRI arthrogram is a useful investigation tool in detecting labral tears, it is also helpful in the diagnosis of femoro-acetabular impingement. However, when it comes to the diagnosis of chondral changes, defects and cartilage delamination, the sensitivity and accuracy are low.

KEYWORDS:

Accuracy; Articular pathology; MRI arthrogram; Validity

PMID:
28762158
DOI:
10.1007/s00590-017-2022-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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