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Neurol Genet. 2017 Jul 18;3(4):e174. doi: 10.1212/NXG.0000000000000174. eCollection 2017 Aug.

Prevalence of spinocerebellar ataxia 36 in a US population.

Author information

1
Program in Neurogenetics (J.M.V., T.D., D.H.G., S.P., B.L.F.), Department of Neurology and Department of Human Genetics (D.H.G., B.L.F.), David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles; The Human Genetics Center (L.E.P., J.E.B.), University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston; Fundación Pública Galega de Medicina Xenómica-SERGAS (B.Q., Z.Y., M.J.S.), Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela; Genomic Medicine Group (U711) (B.Q., Z.Y., M.J.S.), Centre for Biomedical Network Research on Rare Diseases (CIBERER), Institute of Health Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; Grupo del Investigación en Genética (Z.Y.), Universidad Simón Bolívar, Barranquilla, Colombia; Department of Molecular and Human Genetics (E.B., D.M., R.G., J.R.L.) and Human Genome Center (J.R.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; and Department of Integrative Biology and Pharmacology (D.A., R.B.), Institute of Molecular Medicine Center for Metabolic and Degenerative Diseases (R.B.), and Cell and Regulatory Biology Program of The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences (R.B.), McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the prevalence and clinical features of individuals affected by spinocerebellar ataxia 36 (SCA36) at a large tertiary referral center in the United States.

METHODS:

A total of 577 patients with undiagnosed sporadic or familial cerebellar ataxia comprehensively evaluated at a tertiary referral ataxia center were molecularly evaluated for SCA36. Repeat primed PCR and fragment analysis were used to screen for the presence of a repeat expansion in the NOP56 gene.

RESULTS:

Fragment analysis of triplet repeat primed PCR products identified a GGCCTG hexanucleotide repeat expansion in intron 1 of NOP56 in 4 index cases. These 4 SCA36-positive families comprised 2 distinct ethnic groups: white (European) (2) and Asian (Japanese [1] and Vietnamese [1]). Individuals affected by SCA36 exhibited typical clinical features with gait ataxia and age at onset ranging between 35 and 50 years. Patients also suffered from ataxic or spastic limbs, altered reflexes, abnormal ocular movement, and cognitive impairment.

CONCLUSIONS:

In a US population, SCA36 was observed to be a rare disorder, accounting for 0.7% (4/577 index cases) of disease in a large undiagnosed ataxia cohort.

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