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J Neurochem. 1986 Nov;47(5):1614-9.

Perinatal hypoxia-ischemia disrupts striatal high-affinity [3H]glutamate uptake into synaptosomes.

Abstract

We examined the impact of hypoxia-ischemia on high-affinity [3H]glutamate uptake into a synaptosomal fraction prepared from immature rat corpus striatum. In 7-day-old pups the right carotid artery was ligated, and pups were exposed to 8% oxygen for 0, 0.5, 1, or 2.5 h, and allowed to recover for up to 24 h before they were killed. High-affinity glutamate uptakes in striatal synaptosomes derived from tissue ipsilateral and contralateral to ligation were compared. After 1 h of hypoxia plus ischemia, high-affinity glutamate uptake in the striatum was reduced by 54 +/- 13% compared with values from the opposite (nonischemic) side of the brain (p less than 0.01, t test versus ligates not exposed to hypoxia). There were similar declines after 2.5 h of hypoxia-ischemia. Activity remained low after a 1 h recovery period in room air, but after 24 h of recovery, high-affinity glutamate uptake was equal bilaterally. Kinetic analysis revealed that loss of activity could be attributed primarily to a 40% reduction in the number of uptake sites. Hypoxia alone had no effect on high-affinity glutamate uptake although it reduced synaptosomal uptake of [3H]3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine. Addition of 1 mg/ml of bovine serum albumin to the incubation medium preferentially stimulated high-affinity glutamate uptake in hypoxic-ischemic brain compared with its effects in normal tissue. These studies demonstrate that hypoxia-ischemia reversibly inhibits high-affinity glutamate uptake and this occurs earlier than the time required to produce neuronal damage in the model.

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